TOMRA and IKEA explore the future of wood recycling in recent webcast

On 27th October, TOMRA held a live webcast entitled ‘The future of wood recycling’. During a 45-minute live stream, TOMRA’s wood recycling team and a material expert from IKEA outlined how a circular economy for wood can become a reality and a profitable business case for the panel industry.

The global wood recycling market is dynamic: the industry increasingly recognises the need to make use of waste wood as it contains valuable recyclable materials that, if properly sorted, can be used as high-quality recyclates to produce new wood-based panels. Many wood panel and furniture manufacturers already rely on recycled wood to mitigate price volatility and secure access to sufficient raw materials. The recycling of waste wood significantly influences the transition to a circular economy and helps overcome current challenges.

During TOMRA’s webcast, participants from all over the world listened to presentations from Jose Matas, Segment Manager Wood at TOMRA; Murat Sanli, Wood Sales Engineer at TOMRA; and Jan-Olof Fechter, Material Expert and Technique Engineer at IKEA of Sweden AB. The expert panel provided an overview of the market, challenges and solutions to bring wood full circle.

Matas kicked off the session by explaining current market trends influenced by the energy crisis in Europe, the impacts of climate change and industry’s increased reliance on recycled content in order to meet its sustainability targets. “The energy crisis is hitting hard on us in Europe. Many households turn to wood as an alternative heating source, therefore further driving up the already record-high demand for wood”, highlighted Matas. “Combined with the general lack of materials on the market, sourcing wood in sufficient volumes and qualities has become increasingly difficult and prices are at an all-time high.”

He added that in order to access material and maintain profitable operations, the panel board industry has recognised the possibilities a circular treatment for wood offers. If the massive amounts of waste wood generated annually are properly collected, sorted and recycled into individual material fractions, both recyclers and wood-based panel manufacturers reap commercial benefits. Recyclers, on the one hand, are given the means to create individual waste wood fractions – from non-processed wood to MDF – and market it as high-quality secondary materials.

Manufacturers, on the other hand, profit from a constant source of input materials, maintain profitable operations thanks to a better price point of recycled wood compared to fresh wood, and help ensure the volumes and quantities demanded by the market.  

The audience were also given an insight into the manufacturer’s perspective with Jan-Olof Fechter outlining how IKEA incorporates sustainability and recycling into its business and what the company’s long-term goals look like in terms of recycled content. “To date, only 1% of furniture is reused but 99% (which equates to 800,000 metric tons of furniture) is recycled. These figures prove that recycling processes are in place and already supporting us on our way to producing greener products. However, there is still untapped potential we must start to access”, explained Fechter. Afterwards, he explained IKEA’s recycled content targets for panel boards and MDF/HDF boards for the future.

Whereas in 2020, panel boards were made of 25% recycled content and MDF and HDF panels consisted of virgin material only, in 2025 IKEA plans to increase the amount of recycled content to 56% in panel boards and 9% in MDF/HDF boards. Fechter concluded by comparing the end-of-life process for furniture in general with those of IKEA’s commodities and highlighted the role sensor-based sorting plays in the recovery and production of panel boards and fibreboards with secondary raw materials.

After the first two speakers explained the numerous benefits of a circular economy for wood, Murat Sanli explained how a holistic approach can maximise recycled wood content. “To exploit the full potential of recycled wood, we must concentrate on three pillars: the collection, sorting, and recycling of waste wood”, explained Sanli. Technology-driven sorting solutions are central to the final product quality. As outlined by Fechter, manufacturers are striving to become more sustainable and increase recycled content in their panel boards. To do so, they have to use the purest material fractions such as non-processed wood and MDF. Recovering individual wood fractions requires extensive cleaning and sorting processes because waste wood consists of numerous different materials, including contaminants and different types of wood such as OSB, MDF, plywood, coated materials and recyclable non-processed fractions. Using smart technologies throughout the sorting process gives plant operators a three-fold competitive edge: they can recover wood by type as per their requirements, realise high throughputs and achieve purity levels that cannot be achieved with conventional technology.

Please visit to watch the webcast recording.

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